Stainless Alloys

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Stainless Alloys
Lincoln Electric features a variety of products to meet the base material and process requirements of many stainless steel and high alloy welding applications.

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Welding Consumables Packaging  
Stainless Steel & High Alloy
Product Name
Applications
ER347-Si
  • AISI 321, 321H, 347, 347H
  • CR-8C
  • UNS S32100, S32109, S34700, S34709, J92710
ER2209
  • Nuclear power plant construction and maintenance
  • Alloy 2205: UNS S31803, UNS S31500
  • Alloy 2304: UNS S32304, UNS S31200
  • Air pollution control systems for coal fired power plants
  • Power and process industry components and piping
  • Pressure vessels
ER308
ER308L
  • Nuclear power plant components, maintenance and construction
  • Power and process industry related piping
  • Pressure vessels
ER308
ER308L
  • LNG Storage
  • Cryogenic Vessels and Piping
ER308Si
ER308LSi
  • 304 and 304L stainless steels
  • Common austenitic stainless steels referred to as "18-8" steels
  • ASTM A743, A744 Types CF-8 and CF-3
ER309
ER309L
  • Nuclear power plant components, maintenance and construction
  • Power and process industry related pipings
  • Pressure vessels
Similar to AWS ER309LMo
Used for the first layer of multilayer overlays with filler metals such as 316L or 317L stainless steel
ER309Si
ER309LSi
Designed for joining stainless steel to mild or low alloy steel
ER310
  • Heat shields
  • Furnace parts
  • Ducting
  • Welding 310 Stainless and similiar materials
  • Used for welding stainless steels of similar composition in cast and wrought forms
ER312
  • Tool steels
  • Hard to weld steels
  • Cast and wrought alloys
  • Dissimilar metals
ER316
ER316L
  • Nuclear power plant components, maintenance and construction
  • Power and process industry related piping
  • Pressure vessels
ER316
ER316L
  • LNG Storage
  • Cryogenic Vessels and Piping
ER316Si
ER316LSi
  • Molybdenum bearing austenitic stainless steels
  • Type 316 and 316L
ER320LR
  • Process Piping
  • Heat Exchangers
  • Agitators and rotors
  • Chemical processing
  • Metal cleaning and pickling industries
  • Typically used for welding Alloy 20 base materials and materials in similar composition
ER330
  • Heat Treatment
  • Furnace Environments
  • Used to weld wrought and cast forms of stainless steels of similar chemical compositions, which offer good heat and scale resistance to 1800°F (980°C)
ER385
  • Used for welding 904L stainless steel
  • Used in fabrication of equipment and vessels for handling and storage of sulfuric acid, phosphoric acid and other inorganic and organic acids
  • Process piping
Product Name
Applications
E2594-16
  • Process Pipework
  • Pumps and Valves
  • Pressure Vessels
  • Welding 2507 and Zero on 100 Duplex Stainless Steels
E308-16
E308H-16
  • A743 and A744 Type CF-8 cast material
  • Type 304 stainless steels
E308-15
E308L-15
  • Type 304 and 304L stainless steels
  • Common austenitic stainless steels referred to as "18-8" steels
E308-17
E308L-17
  • 304 and 304L stainless steels
  • Common austenitic stainless steels referred to as "18-8" steels
E308L-16
  • A743 and A744 Type CF-8 cast material
  • Type 304 stainless steels
E308L-16
Pressure vessels
E309-15
E309L-15
Joining stainless steel to mild or low alloy steel
E309-16
E309L-16
Joining stainless steel to mild or low alloy steel
E309-16
E309L-16
Pressure vessels
E309-17
E309L-17
Joining stainless steel to mild or low alloy steel
E310-16
  • Heat Shields
  • Furnace Parts
  • Ducting
  • Welding 310/310s materials
E316-15
E316L-15
  • Molybdenum bearing austenitic stainless steels
  • Type 316 and 316L
E316-16
E316L-16
  • Molybdenum bearing austenitic stainless steels
  • Type 316 and 316L
E316-17
E316L-17
  • Molybdenum bearing austenitic stainless steels
  • Type 316 and 316L
E320LR-16
  • Process Piping
  • Heat Exchangers
  • Welding Alloy 20 and similar materials
  • Chemical Processing Plants
E330-16
  • Heat Treatment
  • Furnace Environments
  • Welding 330 stainless and similar materials
E385-16
  • Welding 904L Stainless Steels
  • Papermill Equipment
  • Chemical process equipment
  • Used in fabrication of equipment and vessels for handling and storage of sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid
E410NiMo-16
  • Turbines
  • Valve Bodies
  • High Pressure Piping
  • Offshore
  • Power Generation
  • Welding CAGNM Stainless Steel
E630-16
  • Hydraulic Equipment
  • Impellers
  • Pump Shafts
  • Welding 17-4 and 17-7 Stainless Steels
E308L-16
  • LNG Storage
  • Cryogenic Vessels and Piping
E316L-16
  • LNG Storage
  • Cryogenic Vessels and Piping
Similar to AWS A5.4 (E316LMn-15) E 18 15 3 L B 4 2
  • Fabrication of fittings for minesweepers
  • Offshore industry – downhole instrument collars
  • LPG & LNG storage vessels
E16-8-2-15
  • Transfer lines
  • Furnace parts
  • Thick wall steam piping
  • Gas
  • Steam turbine plants
  • Power Generation industries
E16-8-2-17
  • Furnace parts
  • Gas and steam turbine
  • Petrochemical
  • Chemical process plants
  • Power generation industries
  • Furnace Parts
  • Calcining muffles
  • Hot abrasion
  • Pyrolysis coils
  • Petrochemical Industry
  • Reformer tubes
  • Pyrolysis coils
  • Pyrolysis coils and reformer tubes
  • Petrochemical industry
  • Fabrication of muffles, radiant tubes, and heat treatment trays
  • Petrochemical industry
  • Nuclear engineering industries
BS 25.35.H.Nb.B
  • Pyrolysis coils and reformer tubes for ethylene production
  • Petrochemical industry
  • Highly stressed furnace parts, sintering and calcining muffles
  • Cement kiln components resistant to hot abrasion, radiant tubes, and pyrolysis coils
Product Name
Applications
ER2209
  • Nuclear power plant construction and maintenance
  • Alloy 2205: UNS S31803, UNS S31500
  • Alloy 2304: UNS S32304, UNS S31200
  • Air pollution control systems for coal fired power plants
  • Power and process industry components and piping
  • Pressure vessels
ER2209
  • Offshore
  • Oil and Gas
  • Chemical
  • Petrochemical
  • Used to weld duplex stainless steels such as (Type 2205)
ER2594
  • Process Pipework
  • Pumps and Valves
  • Pressure Vessels
ER308H
  • Chemical
  • Petrochemical Industries
  • Distillery
  • Dairy
  • Restaurant Equipment
  • Catalytic Crackers
  • Pulp and Paper
  • Used to weld unstabilized austenitic stainless steels such as 302, 304H and 305
ER308
ER308L
  • Sheet metal on the corresponding stainless steel base metals
  • High pressure piping and tubing
ER308
ER308L
  • Nuclear power plant components, maintenance and construction
  • Sheet metal on the corresponding stainless steel base metals
  • High pressure piping and tubing
  • Pressure vessels
ER308
ER308L
  • LNG Storage
  • Cryogenic Vessels and Piping
ER309
ER309L
  • Sheet metal on the corresponding stainless steel base metals
  • High pressure piping and tubing
  • Use for welding dissimilar alloys in wrought or cast form
  • Occasionally used for welding "18-8" base metals when severe corrosion conditions exist or dissimilar metals
ER309
ER309L
  • Nuclear power plant components, maintenance and construction
  • Sheet metal on the corresponding stainless steel base metals
  • High pressure piping and tubing
  • Pressure vessels
ER310
  • Head shields
  • Furnace parts
  • Ducting
  • Used for welding stainless steels of similar composition in cast and wrought forms
ER312
  • Tool steels
  • Hard to weld steels
  • Cast and wrought alloys
  • Dissimilar metals
  • Used to weld cast and wrought alloys of similar compositions
  • Can be used for joining hard to weld materials and dissimilar metals
ER316
ER316L
  • Sheet metal on the corresponding stainless steel base metals
  • High pressure piping and tubing
  • Use for welding similar alloys containing approximately 2% molybdenum
ER316
ER316L
  • LNG Storage
  • Cryogenic Vessels and Piping
ER317L
  • FGP
  • Chemical Processing Plants
  • Condensers
  • Petrochemical
  • Used for welding alloys with similar composition in high corrosive environments
ER320
  • Tanks
  • Process Piping
  • Heat Exchangers
  • Typically used for welding base metals with similar compositions including alloy 20
ER347
  • Food Processing
  • Pharmaceutical Equipment
  • Used for welding Types 347 and 321 stainless and stainless clad steels
ER385
  • Pipeline segment
  • Agitotors
  • Rotars
  • Used in fabrication of equipment and vessels for handling and storage of sulfuric acid and phosphoric acid
  • Used for welding materials of similar chemical composition (Type 904L)
ER409Nb
  • Automotive exhausts
  • Used to weld Type 409 and 409Ti base materials
ER410
  • Surfacing Steel Mill Rolls
  • Furnace and Burner Parts
  • Turbine Parts
ER410
  • Turbines
  • Valve Bodies
  • High Pressure Piping
  • Offshore
  • Power Generation
  • Designed to weld materials of similar chemical composition in cast and wrought forms
ER630
  • Hydraulic Equipment Components
  • Impellers
  • Pump Shafts
ER16-8-2
  • Furnace parts
  • Gas and steam turbine
  • Petrochemical
  • Chemical process plants
  • Power generation industries
  • Cryogenic applications
  • Catalytic crackers
  • Steam Piping
Product Name
Applications
  • Furnace parts
  • Gas and steam turbine
  • Petrochemical
  • Chemical process plants
  • Power generation industries
E2209T1-1/4
  • Offshore
  • Chemical / Petrochemical
  • Pipework Systems
  • Flowlines
  • Risers
  • Manifolds
E308HTI-1/4
  • Marine
  • Chemical process
  • Papermaking
  • Food processing
E317LT1-1/4
  • Marine
  • Chemical process
  • Papermaking
  • Food processing
E347T0-1/4
  • Food
  • Brewery
  • Pharmaceutical Equipment
  • Architectural
  • General Fabrication
E410NiMoT1-1/4
  • Power Generation
  • Compressor Cones
  • High Pressure Piping
  • Offshore Oil
  • Petrochemical & Chemical Industries
AWS E2594T1/4
  • Process Pipework
  • Pressure vessels
  • Valves
  • Pumps
E308LT0-1/-4
E308T0-1/-4
  • 304L and other common 18/8 stainless steels
  • Nitrogen bearing 304LN and titanium stabilized 321
  • General fabrication including piping, tanks, and pressure vessels
E309LT0-1/-4
E309T0-1/-4
  • Buffer layers and clad steels – overlays on CMn, mild steel or low alloy steels
  • Dissimilar joints – stainless types 410, 304L, 321, and 316L to mild and low alloy steels
E316T0-1/-4
E316LT0-1/-4
  • 1.5 – 3% Mo austenitic stainless steel
  • Suitable for Ti or Nb stabilized and nitrogen-bearing versions of the above alloys
  • Applications requiring good resistance to pitting and general corrosion
E308T1-1/-4
E308LT1-1/-4
  • 304L and other common 18/8 stainless steels
  • Nitrogen bearing 304LN and titanium stabilized 321
  • General fabrication including piping, tanks, and pressure vessels
E309LT1-1/-4
E309T1-1/-4
  • Buffer layers and clad steels – overlays on CMn, mild steel or low alloy steels
  • Dissimilar joints – stainless types 410, 304L, 321, and 316L to mild and low alloy steels
E316LT1-1/-4
E316T1-1/-4
  • 1.5 – 3% Mo austenitic stainless steel
  • Suitable for Ti or Nb stabilized and nitrogen-bearing versions of the above alloys
  • Applications requiring good resistance to pitting and general corrosion
Product Name
Applications
ER2209
  • Offshore
  • Oil and Gas
  • Chemical
  • Petrochemical
  • Used to weld duplex stainless steels such as (Type 2205)
ER2594
  • Process Pipework
  • Pumps and Valves
  • Pressure Vessels
ER308H
  • Chemical
  • Petrochemical Industries
  • Distillery
  • Dairy
  • Restaurant Equipment
  • Catalytic Crackers
  • Pulp and Paper
ER308
ER308L
  • ASTM A743, A744 Types CF-8 and CF-3
  • ASTM A240 Types 302, 304, 304L
  • For joining the more common austenitic stainless steel grades referred to as "18-8" steels
  • Type 308L is ideal for welding Type 304L stainless steels
ER309
ER309L
  • ASTM A743, A744 Types CF-8 and CF-3 and ASTM A240 Type 309S
  • For joining carbon or mild alloy steel to austenitic stainless steels
  • Can also be used on "18-8" steels, since it overmatches the corrosion resistance, if the weldment will not be exposed to temperatures of 538°C to 927°C (1000°F to 1700°F)
  • Ideal for joining stainless steels to themselves or to carbon or low alloy steels, and can be used at temperatures up to 700°F (371°C)
Similar to ER309LMo
Used for the first layer of multilayer overlays with filler metals such as 316L or 317L stainless steel
ER310
  • Head shields
  • Furnace parts
  • Ducting
ER316
ER316L
  • ASTM A743, A744 Types CF-8 and CF-3
  • Developed for welding type 316 and 316L stainless steels
  • For joining the more common austenitic stainless steel grades referred to as "18-8" steels
  • For very good corrosion resistance in acid environments
  • Power Generation
  • Chemical and Petrochemical Processing
ER317L
  • FGP
  • Chemical Processing Plants
  • Condensers
  • Petrochemical
ER320LR
  • Tanks
  • Process Piping
  • Heat Exchangers
  • Typically used for welding base metals with similar compositions including alloy 20
ER347
  • Food Processing
  • Pharmaceutical Equipment
  • Niobium stabilized stainless steel electrodes used for the welding of types 347 and 321 stainless and stainless clad steels
ER385
ER410NiMo
  • Turbines
  • Valve Bodies
  • High Pressure Piping
  • Offshore
  • Power Generation
  • High Pressure Piping
  • Designed to weld materials of similar chemical composition in cast and wrought forms
ER630
  • Hydraulic Equipment Components
  • Impellers
  • Pump Shafts
ER308
ER308L
  • LNG Storage
  • Cryogenic Vessels and Piping
ER316
ER316L
  • LNG Storage
  • Cryogenic Vessels and Piping
ER16-8-2
  • Gas and Steam Turbine
  • Petrochemical & Chemical Industries
  • Power Generation Industry
  • Steam Piping
  • Catalytic Crackers
Product Name
Applications
For submerged arc welding of stainless steel and nickel alloys
For submerged arc welding of the 300 and 400 series stainless steels, nickel alloys and similar alloy filler metal
  • Austenitic stainless strips including EQ308, EQ309, EQ347 and EQ309Cb
  • Low carbon steels including EQ308L, EQ309L and EQ316L
For strip cladding using the electroslag process
General submerged arc welding of common austenitic stainless steels such as 304, 304L, 316, 316L, 309 and 347
Product Name
Applications
ER308
ER308L
Nuclear reactor vessels and other components
ER309
ER309L
Nuclear reactor vessels and other components
ER316
ER316L
Nuclear reactor vessels and other components
Product Name
Applications
EC409
  • Designed for joining components of automotive exhaust systems, such as catalytic converters
  • Single pass welding
EC439
  • Designed for joining components of automotive exhaust systems, such as catalytic converters
  • Single pass welding

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