Application Stories

Polaris Industries Switches to New Welding Process for Reduction in Spatter, Distortion and Rework

Craig Cerminara, Polaris Welding EngineerFor thrill seekers and outdoor enthusiasts, the name Polaris is synonymous with speed, freedom and an escape from the ordinary. For 50 years, the company’s snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, personal watercraft, off-road utility vehicles and Victory Motorcycles have been must-have items for those who thrive on adventure. In addition to these recreational vehicles, Polaris Industries Inc. also has a new line of commercial-grade utility vehicles and equipment called Professional Series Workmobiles. In each of their respective markets, Polaris machines are set apart by superior quality construction, exceptional performance and durability.

In a quest for even higher quality, Craig Cerminara, Welding Engineer, at the 1,900 employee Polaris plant in Roseau, MN, made a switch to a new welding process and the latest technology power sources available. Formerly, the plant was utilizing a Conventional CV MIG process to weld chassis, steering and suspension components for the snowmobiles, all-terrain vehicles, and Ranger: Ready For A Workout, utility vehicles manufactured at the plant. Polaris Industries Inc. goal in seeking new equipment was to reduce spatter, distortion and rework, each ultimately leading to increased productivity and profitability.

Polaris Industries Inc. turned to the use of Waveform Control Technology™ in the form of Lincoln Electric’s Power Wave® 355M power source and Power Feed™ 10M wire drive and control. In making the switch, Polaris implemented the use of Rapid Arc™ high travel speed and low spatter pulsed spray transfer. In so doing Polaris improved arc consistency, reduced weld spatter loss, and achieved higher travel speeds. The benefit was calculated in terms of increased through-put and reduced welding-related distortion.

In just the first application where Polaris used the Power Wave® 355M, the company experienced a 35 percent increase in productivity, attributed to the elimination of post-weld clean-up operations.
“For Polaris there are numerous benefits with the Power Wave 355M. Using a Pulsed MIG process, it doesn’t matter what wire feed speed the operator sets, he or she will always run the same process and we will always get consistency in the welds,” says Cerminara.

Polaris Weld Sample“Formerly, using the CV MIG process, our operators were utilizing various modes of metal transfer depending on the particular preference of each operator. We were lacking repeatability from one operator to the next. One operator might be using a spray transfer method while his neighbor was using a globular transfer method. With the Power Wave 355M units, we provide a set range for our operators and then they have the ability to fine tune for their particular welding style,” explains Cerminara.According to Cerminara, the Power Wave provides a tight, crisp arc that is forgiving, which is important because of the thinness of materials used for components. “The Pulsed MIG process reduces the amount of heat input into the weld and therefore decreases distortion. Spatter has also been reduced translating into a huge cost savings in labor and rework time,” notes Cerminara.

Quality is of the utmost importance for Polaris vehicles because the safety of the operator depends on it. A quality product also equates to repeat customers

Head-to-Head Competition

The welding at Polaris is particularly challenging because of the limited weld lengths, two inches or less on most parts, the arc is only on for a brief period of time for each weld and the arc does not have much time to establish itself. This challenge requires a machine that can quickly provide arc stability.

The Power Wave 355M comes standard with more than 60 factory-programmed waveforms optimized for specific wire types and sizes.To find the best power source for the job and overcome these challenges, Polaris put Lincoln Electric’s Power Wave 355M head-to-head with its competition. What sold Polaris Industries Inc. on the Power Wave was the arc. With the machine’s advanced Waveform Control Technology™, part of Lincoln’s Nextweld®: The Future of welding is here™, Technology, Polaris Industries Inc. immediately noticed a difference in the quality and consistency of the arc as compared to the competitive unit.

Initially, Polaris purchased 16 Power Wave units, but as the machines proved their ability to achieve the desired welding outcome, the company has added another 12 systems and plans to add more in the future.


The Power Wave 355M’s waveform is shaped digitally using software. To develop custom waveforms tailored to Polaris’s parts, local

Lincoln District Manager Howard Morris called on the experts at Lincoln’s Welding Technology Center in Cleveland. Jeff Nadzam, Senior Application Engineer, programmed the Power Wave’s waveforms to create the tight, crisp arc Polaris Industries Inc. was seeking.

“Jeff Nadzam was a tremendous resource and spent a lot of time at our facility,” notes Cerminara. “We were looking for a specific type of Pulsed MIG arc that was forgiving and one that could consistently handle gaps. With Jeff’s help, we developed five custom waveforms that we use for our welding. Eventually we will pare that down to three for even better consistency.”

For companies not interested in tailoring their own waveforms, the Power Wave 355M comes standard with more than 60 factory-programmed waveforms optimized for specific wire types and sizes

Pulse Welding

During the Pulsed MIG mode of metal transfer, molten metal is transferred one drop per pulse peak, and the pulse peak may occur up to two hundred times per second. Additionally, the current alternates between a high peak current value and a lower current background value. Benefits of Pulsed MIG include a wide operating range typically from 80 inches per minute of wire feed speed to 800 inches per minute. In addition, Pulsed MIG results in high quality welds with a uniform bead appearance and excellent penetration. Pulsed MIG finds use in both thin sheet metal type applications and heavier structural type components.

“The quality we are achieving with Pulsed MIG and the Power Wave 355M is outstanding,” states Cerminara. “The arc is smooth with soft starts and clean, spatter-free welds.”

With the custom programs of the Power Wave 355M, an increase in the arc travel speed resulted in lower shielding gas usage and because it was easier to achieve the desired weld size, less over-welding occurred. These added benefits translated into a significant welding cost reduction.

Cross-Functional Welding

Unlike many plants which rely on an assembly line and have set jobs for each employee, welding at Polaris is performed in a cellular fashion with similar parts being welded in the same area. All operators are cross-trained with flexibility in mind, and each worker is able to perform high quality work in many different areas of manufacturing.

According to Cerminara, most of the welding performed at Polaris is positioned for the flat and horizontal positions, as well as vertical down. “With the Pulsed MIG process, we have seen a big improvement in our vertical down welding. Because of the cooling cycle between every droplet transferred, the puddle freezes and makes this type of welding easier,” he says.

Lincoln Technical Services

According to Cerminara, Lincoln played a large part in ensuring the success of the Power Wave 355M units in the plant. Over a three-month period, Lincoln’s Morris spent four days a week at Polaris training the company’s more than 250 operators on how to use the new machines and the nuances of the Pulsed MIG process. “We’ve been absolutely pleased with the support we have received from Lincoln – everyone was professional and the response to issues was timely and useful,” says Cerminara.

Lincoln played a large part in ensuring the success of the Power Wave 355M units in the plant.Cerminara notes that the training went a long way to address issues and provide one-on-one assistance to operators. “I would not consider it a difficult transition moving from the CV to a Pulsed MIG process and attribute that mostly to the training provided.”


Polaris Industries is currently expanding many of its plants and is building a new facility in Wyoming, Minn. The company’s commitment to quality will ensure the continued growth of technologically advanced welding at all of these manufacturing centers.

Lincoln and Polaris…it’s a fun ride.